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Emotional Issues
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Expert Modeling
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An Expert Model for Expert Modeling
Phase 2: Modeling Competence © Martyn Carruthers

Online Life Coaching & Mentorship

This is not a manual - it's an outline of one of our skill-sets. These articles merely map or represent some of our skills. A map may be frustrating if you feel lost and
you need immediate solutions for pressing problems. However, you can email us and we can talk with you by telephone or online.

Expert Modeling . Expert Modeling 1 . Expert Modeling 3 . In-House Training

Developing Expertise ... Quickly

Our expert modeling provides a rapid and cost-effective performance boost to individual and to organizational productivity. We replicate and accelerate expert competence in many parts of life. While we are known for using these skills in our work with emotions and relationships, it applies as much to organizational development and technological competence.

Expert Modeling: Phase 1

  1. Identify people with the desired competencies
  2. Elicit the vital components of expert behavior
  3. Decompose expert behavior into an overall model
  4. Decompose the overall expert model into strategies

Neither motivation nor knowledge can ensure competence. Poor performance is more often due to disabling or limiting beliefs, toxic influences, trauma or low quality mentorship than to lack of motivation or knowledge.

These activities provide a knowledge base of heuristics - of apparent behavioral micro-skills (phase 1) that can be analyzed and sequenced into testable models of competence (phase 2). We can then teach these expert models  (phase 3) to selected motivated learners using our accelerated learning and systemic coaching methods (which are other expert models!).

What are Heuristics?

Problem solving, learning and discovery. Rapidly finding a solution that is hoped to be close to the best possible answer. A rule of thumb, an educated guess, an intuitive judgment or simply common sense. A general way of solving a problem.
Wikipedia 2010

Expert Modeling: Phase 2

A. Ensure expert performance

  1. Assess expert performance and results
  2. Observe the experts over time with similar tasks
  3. Assess the experts' performance and results over time

B. Synthesize components of expertise

  1. Construct basic or provisional models
  2. Divide the expert skills into a sequence
  3. Approximate relevant unconscious strategies
  4. Define the function of each modeled component
  5. Develop a hierarchy of essential or critical components

C. Identify elements of the knowledge base

  1. Recognize heuristics
  2. Identify underlying structural patterns
  3. Identify the model's constraints and skill partitions
  4. Add all components to the knowledge base

D. Identify the critical components, hierarchy & interconnections

  1. Show how components interlock
  2. Optimize the systemic components
  3. Define the feedback and feed-forward loops
  4. Interpret and integrate the critical components
  5. Devise methods to control the sequence
  6. Codify the interaction between components
  7. Discover redundancies and increase reliability
  8. Test and refine critical components

E. Test and refine the model with selected people

  1. When does student competence approach mastery?
  2. If a model is ineffective, elicit more information

F. Formulate a final model

  1.  Test and revise the models to meet performance criteria
  2.  If training candidates are screened, prepare for phase 3
  3.  If candidates are randomly selected, generalize the model

Isomorphic, Generative & Integrative Modeling

  • Isomorphic: Use model without further improvement
  • Generative: Streamline model, enhance critical components
  • Integrative: Combine elements from several expert models

In-House Training . Expert Modeling: Overview . Knowledge Management

Expert Modeling 1 . Expert Modeling 3 . In-House Training


I am indebted to the research of Dr Gregory Bateson, Dr Clare Graves and
Dr Wyatt Woodsmall for the information and inspiration that are integrated
into our Expert Modeling.

Online Life Coaching & Mentorship

Expert Modeling Programs

We provide complete in-house services in Expert Modeling. We align human innovation with technological innovation to enhance individual competence and organizational productivity!

Expert Modeling Training

We provide professional skills training in Expert Modeling, in 3-day, 5-day and 10-day intensives. Let us know your individual needs and the needs of your organization.

© Martyn Carruthers 2002-2018
All rights reserved

If you like our work, please link to us. If you know someone who might benefit,
please mention or

For online help, email us at:

Soulwork systemic coaching in America & Hawaii


Soulwork systemic coaching in England, Wales & Scotland

Soulwork systemic coaching in Croatia & Serbia

Soulwork systemic coaching in Poland



Have You Suffered Enough?

 Where are you now? Understand your emotions, fixations and enmeshments
What do you hope for? Know your goals and stop sabotaging yourself
Do you feel resourceful? Learn to develop your inner resources
Do emotions block you? Relationship problems and mentor damage
Do your beliefs limit you? Change limiting beliefs and end dependence
Do you feel connected? Resolve identity issues to recover lost resources
Is your partner happy? Build healthy partnership (or separate peacefully)
Are your children healthy? Happy parents better manage family problems
Do you want team success? Team leaders and their teams develop together
Do you have complex goals? Specialty coaching, counseling & therapy

Plagiarism is theft. Copyright © Martyn Carruthers 1996-2018  All rights reserved. Soulwork Systemic Coaching was primarily developed by Martyn Carruthers to help people solve emotional problems and relationship conflicts to achieve their goals. These concepts and strategies are for general knowledge only. Consult a physician about medical conditions and before changing medical treatment. Don't steal intellectual property ... get permission to post, publish or teach Martyn's work - email